sekilas info!

June 25, 2008 at 12:41 am 5 comments

THE SUMMARY OF TENSES

NO

TENSES

FUNCTIONS

VERB FORMS

1.

Simple Present

a. To express habitual action

b. To express general truths

Infinitive (He/She/It + s/es)

2.

Simple Past

a. To express past action

b. To express past habit

Simple Past (V )

3.

Present Continuous

a. For an action happening now

b. To express immediate future actions, when

definite arrangements have been made

(am, is, are) + present participle

4.

Past Continuous

a. To express an action that was going on at

a given time or period of time in the past

(was, were) + present participle

5.

Present Future

a. To express future action

b. To express prediction

c. To express willingness

(Shall/Will) + infinitive

6.

Past Future

For an action which would take place in the

past time, or in the conditionals.

(Should/Would) + infinitive

(Was/Were) + going to + infinitive

7.

Present Perfect

a. To show the perfection or completion of

an action by now, the time is not important

but the result is.

b. To expresses the repetition of an activity

before now.

(Have/Has) + past participle

8.

Past Perfect

For an action which has been completed

before another activity or some definite time in the past.

Had + past participle

9.

Present Future Continuous

a. To express not-so-immediate future action

b. To express an action which will be going

on at a time in the future.

(Shall/Will) + be + present participle

10.

Past Future Continuous

For an action which would be going on at time

in the past time.

(Should/Would) + be + present participle

11.

Present Future Perfect

To express a certain action which will be

completed before another time or event in the

future.

(Shall/Will) + Have + past participle

12.

Past Future Perfect

It is applied as the answer to the third type of conditional

sentence.

(Should/Would) + Have + past participle

13.

Present Perfect Continuous

For an action beginning in the definitely time

in the past, is still continuing at the present

moment or the action has just finished.

(Have/Has) + Been + present participle

14.

Past Perfect Continuous

a. It is used to express an action beginning in

the definitely time in the past, was still

continuing in the past before another

activity or time.

b. To express an activity in progress recent

to another time or activity in the past.

Had + Been + present participle

15.

Present Future Perfect

Continuous

For an action that occurs before a certain time or another action in the future, with the

emphasis on the duration of an activity

(Shall/Will) + Have + Been +

present participle

16.

Past Future Perfect

Continuous

It’s mainly used in reported speech

(Should/Would) + Have +Been +

present participle

17.

Present Future “going to”

a. To express a prior plan

b. To express prediction

(am, is, are) + going to + infinitive

18

Past Future “going to”

To express the plan in the past time

(was, were) + going to + infinitive

TIME INDICATORS

EXAMPLES

Everyday, every week, at night, at once (twice), today, on Sundays, in the morning, always, usually, habitually, etc

– He always eats a pancake for lunch.

– I don’t recognize that old sculpture.

Yesterday, the day before yesterday, last night/week/month/year, a week/year/month ago, last Sunday, etc.

– They watched music concert on television last night.

– Ryan was absent yesterday.

– She hung her dresses in the closet.

Now, right now, at this moment, at present, this afternoon, this evening

– She is cooking a Chinese food right now.

– We are playing American soccer at this moment

When, while, as …..simple past form

– Dennis was singing in the hall when I came.

– While my brother was studying, I was playing the games.

Tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next week/month/year/ next Friday, etc.

– We shall go to Surabaya tomorrow.

– I will repair this broken umbrella soon.

Yesterday, the day before yesterday, last night/week/month/year, a week/year/month ago, etc.

– They would go downtown if it didn’t rain hard.

– If I were him, I would accept that challenge.

Already, just, recently, lately, yet, not yet, several times, ever, never, for , since, the last five years.

– Susan has already eaten dinner.

– He has just finished painting the wall.

Before, when, after

– The train had left before my father arrived at the station.

– She walked out the classroom after she had given the lecture.

At this time next week, when….

– They shall be playing volleyball at this time tomorrow.

– When she comes back next two hours, I will be studying grammar.

At this time last year, yesterday, when…

– I would be swimming in the pool when he came yesterday afternoon.

– Mr. Byron would be writing a novel of his own at this time last year.

By, before,

– You shall have taken your money by the end of this week.

– The play will have finished by the time we get there.

If ….past perfect

– I would have come to her party if she had invited me.

– The Bakers would have moved to Colorado if they had won the lottery.

For, since, today, this week

– He has been living in India for three years.

– They have been waiting for the flight since 07.00 am

For ….when, since….when

– The police had been searching for the murder for three years before they arrested her.

– .my sister’s eyes were red because she had been crying.

For , by the time, when….

– When Colonel Sherman retires next year, he will have been serving in the Air Force for 35 years.

– We will have been driving for thirty straight hours by the time we arrive in Lackland Air Force Base.

For, before….

– Sarah and her mother would have been cooking for dinner for two hours.

– I would have been studying Japanese for three months before they joined this course last week.

Tomorrow, next week, next year, next term, etc.

Mr. Hady is going to be here next week.

Miss. Jacky is going to graduate from master degree next term.

Yesterday, last summer, last night, the day before, etc.

Ronald and his friends were going to attend the festivity last summer.

I was going to lock the door last night when he called in.

Entry filed under: Uncategorized. Tags: .

“moodle” QUR`ANIC STUDIES DI EROPA

5 Comments Add your own

  • 1. Retno Damayanthi  |  June 25, 2008 at 1:24 am

    knock knock…any body home?
    kang popon, sekilas infonya bagus banget n berguna, tapi agak kurang rapi ya… soalnya ada yang kepotong tulisannya.. hehehe
    btw, makasih commentnya di blog saya, akhirnya kirim comment juga setelah saya menunggu satu semester (sampe selesai buat laporan semester loh).

    iya ayo ke subpok mandarin aja kang popon, kalo saya gak ngajar mah ayo aja kita utak atik blog lagi, tapi mohon maklum lagi agak sibuk makanya agak jarang liat blog.
    Ok sukses ya danrem tasik huekekekekek…

    -sweet enno-

    Reply
  • 2. Riyalat  |  June 25, 2008 at 3:13 am

    Komandan. Ijin Lapor.
    Ada pesan dari teh Riska. “mas Danrem Tasik, kalo saya pulang dari China mas popon harus udah punya momongan yak! ”
    Mohon dijawab. Xie2

    Reply
  • 3. abteilungsdeutsch  |  June 27, 2008 at 6:55 am

    Enno,
    ya udah thanx
    hari ini kayanya lo mau bantu gw,?
    arie,
    wah pesenan dia berat banget! mudah2 dia balik gw udah momongan, tapi kalopun masi proses ntar gw pinjem onakan blangin

    Reply
  • 4. Yuline Monako  |  June 29, 2008 at 10:23 am

    I’m so proud…
    Juniorku semuanya makin canggih… Alhamdulillah..
    Trs meningkatkan kemampuannya ya..

    Reply
  • 5. yubithea  |  November 27, 2008 at 4:13 am

    Om Pon… resumnya Ok, tapi lebih ok klo dikasi contoh deh, so lebih CLEAR

    Reply

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